With the heightened focus on corporate governance in general and compliance in particular, companies are weighing more than ever the potential effect of technology on their compliance programs—both to get the job done, and to make the job more complicated.

The blueprint to see how technology can help or hinder compliance efforts is a “technology roadmap.” Exactly what should be in that roadmap depends on whom you ask, but whatever its precise contents, experts say the need for one has come into sharp relief in today’s regulatory environment.

“Post-SOX, as we consider almost every piece of the technology landscape, we have ...