Germany-based software manufacturer SAP has agreed to give up $3.7 million in sales profits in a settlement with the Securities and Exchange Commission to resolve charges that it violated the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act when procuring business in Panama.

An SEC investigation found that SAP’s deficient internal controls allowed a former SAP executive to pay $145,000 in bribes to a senior Panamanian government official and offer bribes to two others in exchange for lucrative sales contracts. As Compliance Week previously reported, the SEC charged the SAP executive, Vicente Garcia, in a separate enforcement action last year that included a parallel criminal action.

Garcia has been sentenced to 22 months in prison. “SAP’s internal controls failed to flag Garcia’s misconduct as he easily falsified internal approval forms and disguised his bribes as discounts,” Kara Brockmeyer, Chief of the SEC Enforcement Division’s FCPA Unit, said in a statement announcing the settlement.

According to the SEC’s order instituting a settled administrative proceeding, the bribery scheme involved providing large discounts of up to 82 percent to SAP’s Panamanian partner, who used the excessive discounts to create a slush fund out of which to pay bribes to Panamanian officials on Garcia’s behalf so SAP could sell software. “SAP had no requirements for heightened anti-corruption scrutiny for such large discounts,” the SEC said.

Furthermore, SAP falsely recorded the slush fund as legitimate discounts on the books of SAP’s Mexican subsidiary, and the figures were subsequently consolidated into SAP’s financial statements. “SAP failed to devise and maintain a sufficient system of internal accounting controls to provide reasonable assurances that the discounts were recorded in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles,” according to the SEC order.

The SEC’s order finds that SAP violated the internal controls provisions and the books and records provisions of the FCPA. Without admitting or denying the findings, SAP consented to the entry of the cease-and-desist order and agreed to pay disgorgement of $3.7 million in profits from SAP’s software sales to the Panamanian government plus prejudgment interest of $188,896. The settlement reflects SAP’s cooperation and remedial measures.