All trading cartel articles
The European Commission fined HSBC, Credit Suisse, Barclays, and NatWest a total of €344 million (U.S. $389 million) for their participation in a trader-driven scheme to manipulate the foreign exchange spot market. UBS was not fined after first reporting the scheme.
The European Commission fined Nomura, UBS, and UniCredit a total of €371 million (U.S. $453 million) for their participation in a cartel scheme through a group of traders. Bank of America, Natixis, NatWest, and Portigon were also each allegedly involved but not penalized.