Merrill Lynch will pay more than $7.2 million in restitution and interest to customers who incurred unnecessary sales charges and paid excess fees in connection with mutual fund transactions, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) announced.
In settling this matter, Merrill Lynch neither admitted nor denied the charges, but consented to the entry of FINRA’s findings. “Ensuring that harmed customers receive restitution is our highest priority, and we will take a firm’s determination to proactively provide restitution into account when assessing sanctions,” Jessica Hopper, executive vice president and head of FINRA’s Department of Enforcement, said in a press release.
According to FINRA, between April 2011 and April 2017, Merrill Lynch “did not have reasonably designed supervisory systems and procedures to ensure that all eligible mutual fund investors received sales charge waivers or fee rebates available through rights of reinstatement.” Instead, according to FINRA, Merrill Lynch “relied on its registered representatives to manually identify and apply such waivers and rebates, an unreasonably designed system given the number of customers involved, the complexity of determining which customers were due sales charge waivers or fee rebates, and difficulty in calculating the amount of the waiver and rebate.”
In addition, FINRA said, Merrill Lynch did not reasonably monitor for missed reinstatements. Firm alerts were designed to capture only recently executed mutual fund transactions while, in fact, fee waivers were available in connection with some fund purchases for up to a year after initial sales.
Because Merrill Lynch’s procedures placed the responsibility on representatives to determine if clients were eligible for reinstatement privileges and because firm alerts did not reasonably surveil for missed reinstatements, “it failed to detect that its advisors did not provide over 13,000 accounts with sales charge waivers and fee rebates totaling more than $7.2 million, including interest,” FINRA said.
In determining the appropriate monetary sanction, FINRA said it recognized Merrill Lynch’s extraordinary cooperation, which included engaging an outside consulting firm to identify potentially disadvantaged customers and calculate total remediation; promptly paying restitution to affected customers; promptly remediating related supervisory deficiencies; and providing substantial assistance to FINRA in its investigation.